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Embryo transfer -baby tube IVF

Artificial insemination (AI) & intrauterine insemination (IUI) 

Artificial Insemination (Al), is a manner in which the sperm is placed immediately into a woman's reproductive tract. A commonplace Al procedure is intrauterine insemination (IUI) wherein sperm are inserted immediately into the uterus across the time of ovulation to assist t their adventure to the egg.

The technique is regularly blended with the female associate taking fertility capsules.
It is normally used whilst there can be problems with semen volume, concentration or motility (movement). It can also be useful while there are troubles with the cervical mucus.

Artificial insemination (AI)   intrauterine insemination (IUI)  

After being ‘washed’ (the sperm are separated from the liquid a part of the semen to get rid of hormones and other materials), sperm are inserted into the uterus to reduce the space they have to journey to attain the egg.

IUI can also be accomplished using donor sperm, either from
and nameless or a recognized sperm donor (called Dl or donor insemination). Insemination with donor sperm is used while the partner does now not produce sperm when the sperm is of very bad high-quality or if there's an excessive chance of passing on genetic illnesses.

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) In vitro fertilisation (IVF) changed into the primary ART manner and is still one of the most normally used. 

During an IVF cycle, eggs and sperm are amassed and located collectively in a laboratory dish to allow the sperm to fertilise the egg. The woman partner normally takes hormonal medicinal drugs to help stimulate the development of as many eggs as viable. If the eggs are efficiently fertilised inside the laboratory, they're transferred into the woman's uterus. Ideally, one of the fertilised eggs will implant and expand, just as in a recurring being pregnant.
IVF is a four-level procedure: 

pregnant. IVF is a four-level procedure:
IVF is a four-level procedure: 

Stage 1: Ovarian stimulation, tracking, and ovulation triggering 

Having a first-rate variety of mature eggs to be had for fertilisation increases the possibilities of pregnancy. Since a female’s frame commonly releases handiest one mature egg every month, positive medicinal drugs are used to save you an early release of eggs, at the same time as other medicines are used to stimulate the ovaries to develop extra-ovarian follicles. The medicinal drugs also manipulate the timing
of ovulation to make it less difficult to retrieve the eggs.

Stage 2: Egg retrieval (Egg Pick Up [EPUD]) 

Once ovarian stimulation is whole and follicles have matured, your doctor will try to retrieve as many eggs as feasible, even though all of the eggs may not be used in the modern-day IVF cycle. Egg retrieval is done beneath moderate sedation, nearby anesthesia or, in some instances, fashionable anesthesia. 

The mature follicles are diagnosed with the usage of ultrasound, and then a needle is surpassed thru the vagina to withdraw the fluid from the mature follicle with gentle suction. The fluid is without delay tested under a microscope to look if an egg has been retrieved. The method is repeated for every mature follicle in each ovary. All retrieved eggs are eliminated from the follicular fluid and located in an incubator. 

Stage 3: Fertilisation 

About two hours earlier than the eggs are retrieved, a semen sample is accumulated from the male accomplice and processed to pick the most powerful, maximum energetic sperm. The sperm is then positioned with the eggs in an incubator set to the same temperature as a woman's frame. The subsequent day, the eggs are examined underneath a microscope to decide whether or not fertilisation has occurred. If it has, the ensuing embryos can be ready to transfer to the uterus a few days later. 

Stage 4: Embryo transfer 

Embryo switch is not a complex method and may be performed without anesthesia. The embryos are located in a tube and transferred to the uterus. The range of embryos transferred relies upon on a lady’s age, the reason of infertility, pregnancy records, and different factors. If there are extra embryos which can be of truly exceptional, they'll be frozen (cryopreservation) for later use.

Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

ICSI is a system carried out a microscope the use of micromanipulation device, it entails injecting an unmarried sperm into the egg. This technique is used when the sperm is not able to penetrate the egg wall. If the egg is fertilised, the embryo is inserted into the uterus, in the same manner as for IVF.



 Preliminary testing. Semen analysis 

Laparoscopy- A small telescopic instrument is inserted through an incision in the navel to examine the areas around the woman's uterus and fallopian tubes. 

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